IPv4 for beginners: All you need to know

At the heart of Internet system lies IPv4, a fundamental component that facilitates the exchange of data packets across networks worldwide. But what exactly it is, and why is it so essential to the functioning of the modern internet?

What is IPv4?

IPv4, or Internet Protocol version 4, is a foundational protocol used for identifying and routing data packets across networks. It assigns a unique numerical label, known as an IP address, to each device connected to a network. These IP addresses serve as virtual addresses, enabling devices to locate and communicate with one another on the internet.

An IPv4 address consists of a 32-bit binary number, typically represented in decimal format for human readability. The decimal representation is divided into four 8-bit segments, known as octets, separated by periods. For example, an IPv4 address might appear as “”.

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​Host command explained in detail

Knowing the Host command in detail is very useful. It is a Domain Name System (DNS) checking tool that can greatly help you. From now, consider time reading this article a good investment.

What is the Host command?

Host command is a helpful network utility to diagnose and check DNS records. Technically, it is software, and through its command-line interface, you can test the types and specific DNS records you want.

Linux Host command – Options & Examples

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Dig command: How to use it in Linux?

What does the Dig command do?

Domain Information Groper, or DIG for short, is a wonderful command-line utility. To provide comprehensive details on mail exchanges, host addresses, and other relevant information, we use Dig to query the DNS name server. This utility is compatible with a variety of operating systems, including Linux and macOS.

You can do DNS queries using the built-in Linux Dig command by using the Terminal application. Your domain can be troubleshot, and you can learn a lot of details about it, such as DNS records, Name servers, and general network information. Its excellent features include having more functionality than some built-in utilities, like nslookup, and being quite simple to use. Because of this, despite having a straightforward command-line interface, many network administrators use it often.

The most popular examples of the Dig command!

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